Surgeons endorse efforts to improve firearm safety and reduce firearm-related injuries
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In what may be the largest survey of physician attitudes about firearms and how firearm-owning surgeons store guns in their homes, U.S. members of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) said they support the organization taking an active role in advocating for policies and programs designed to lower the risk of firearm-related injuries and deaths.
Transplanting hematopoietic stem cells to treat cancers and other conditions carries with it the risk of developing cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CCVD)--disorders affecting the blood vessels of the heart and brain. Although research on post-transplant CCVD is extensive, there is paucity of knowledge on the effects of pre-transplant CCVD on transplant outcomes. Now researchers in China suggest pre-transplant CCVD indirectly affects patient mortality and survival following transplant through their strong association with post-transplant CCVD.
Researchers from the University of Southern California and NVIDIA have unveiled a new simulator for robotic cutting that can accurately reproduce the forces acting on a knife as it slices through common foodstuffs, such as fruit and vegetables. The system could also simulate cutting through human tissue, offering potential applications in surgical robotics. The paper was presented at the Robotics: Science and Systems (RSS) Conference 2021 on July 16.
The Feinberg group's latest model mimics physiologic loads on engineering heart muscle tissues, yielding an unprecedented view of how genetics and mechanical forces contribute to heart muscle function.
According to ARRS' American Journal of Roentgenology, return to routine screening for BI-RADS 3 lesions on supplemental automated whole-breast ultrasound (ABUS) substantially reduces the recall rate, while being unlikely to result in adverse outcome. This prospective study supports a recommendation for routine annual follow-up for BI-RADS 3 lesions at supplemental ABUS.
Pioneering 'printed metal' procedure to create bespoke treatment for early knee osteoarthritis set to be trialled in the UK following MHRA approval.
Researchers at UC San Francisco have successfully developed a "speech neuroprosthesis" that has enabled a man with severe paralysis to communicate in sentences, translating signals from his brain to the vocal tract directly into words that appear as text on a screen.
Survival for a baby born with a birth defect - otherwise known as a congenital anomaly - is a "post-code lottery", according to scientists from 74 countries.
Researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have used DNA base editing in a prenatal mouse model to correct a lysosomal storage disease known as Hurler syndrome. Using an adenine base editor delivered in an adeno-associated viral vector, the researchers corrected the single base mutation responsible for the condition, which begins before birth and affects multiple organs, with the potential to cause death in childhood if untreated.
A novel method of gene therapy is helping children born with a rare genetic disorder called AADC deficiency that causes severe physical and developmental disabilities. The study, led by researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and The Ohio State University College of Medicine, offers new hope to those living with incurable genetic and neurodegenerative diseases.