The Xerces blue butterfly is generally accepted as the first American insect species destroyed by urban development, but there are lingering questions about whether it was really a species to begin with, or just a sub-population of another common butterfly. In a new study, researchers analyzed the DNA of a 93-year-old Xerces blue specimen in museum collections, and confirmed that it was a unique species.
Army-funded research identified a new material that may lead to lightweight armor, protective coatings, blast shields and other impact-resistant structures.
Analysis of children and young people's proximity to woodlands has shown links with better cognitive development and a lower risk of emotional and behavioural problems, in research led by UCL and Imperial College London scientists that could influence planning decisions in urban areas.
Implementing algorithms that can simultaneously track multiple objects is essential to unlock many applications, from autonomous driving to advanced public surveillance. However, it is difficult for computers to discriminate between detected objects based on their appearance. Now, researchers at the Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) adapted deep learning techniques in a multi-object tracking framework, overcoming short-term occlusion and achieving remarkable performance without sacrificing computational speed.
Researchers at Stanford and the University of Naples study how bubbles form and eventually burst using high-speed cameras and analytical modeling, revealing a new popping process.
Developed by two researchers at the University of Malaga, This methodology enables the reduction of costs and time in engineering design optimisation thanks to artificial intelligence
Science snapshots from Berkeley Lab: Energy-saving windows, microbial fingerprints, lithium-ion batteries & fuel cells
Using a D-Wave quantum-annealing computer as a testbed, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory have shown that it is possible to isolate so-called emergent magnetic monopoles, a class of quasiparticles, creating a new approach to developing "materials by design."
POSTECH-Korea University joint research team develops a radiative cooling material that is transparent under direct sunlight.
Perfecting the dimensions of chemical separation membranes is a step toward a sustainable chemical industry.