The center's research will identify the needs of adults and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic and test interventions to help patients access medical care, learn illness self-management strategies and rebuild their lives.
Inside human cells, proteins and RNA can cluster together to form spherical droplets that play vital roles in cellular processes as well as in certain human diseases. How do these droplets, also known as protein-RNA condensates, come together? What molecular forces govern their composition, and what drives them to take on a liquid state, or a harder, more gelatinous form?
Greg Caporaso, director of the Center for Applied Microbiome Science, part of the Pathogen and Microbiome Institute (PMI) at Northern Arizona University, has been awarded a $3.75 million grant by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to build software capable of analyzing and archiving data focused on the interplay between the human microbiome (the trillions of microorganisms living in and on the human body) and diverse types of cancer.
Gautam Das, a computer science professor at The University of Texas at Arlington, is leading a team of researchers working to address that shortcoming by increasing the role of humans in the data science pipeline.
Using a three-year, $903,754 contract with the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Nur Yazdani will assist TxDOT engineers in prioritizing which bridges need to be repaired or replaced, without closing roads for long periods of time.
The diverse work of Mainz-based physicists in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance is being boosted by a new highly application-oriented approach: In October 2020, Dr. Danila Barskiy will join Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) to set up a group focusing on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the objective being to explore approaches that do not require magnetic fields for chemical, biological, and medical applications.
Two physicists at DOE's Jefferson Lab have secured $2.16 million in funding for projects that harness the power of data analytics to make the work of studying the universe down to its smallest subatomic parts faster and more efficient.
The widespread use of antiretroviral therapy to suppress the HIV virus has helped tens of millions of people with HIV live healthier, longer lives--but an unfortunate consequence of people living longer with HIV is an increased risk of cancer. For 25 years, the AIDS Malignancy Consortium has led national and international efforts to prevent and treat of HIV-related cancers. Now, Montefiore Health System and Albert Einstein College of Medicine have received a five-year, $111 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to lead this research consortium.
Two randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials funded by the NIH are expanding enrollment to further evaluate convalescent plasma as a treatment for patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Such trials may help determine whether convalescent plasma -- antibody-containing blood plasma from people who recovered from COVID-19 -- is an effective and safe treatment. The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences will oversee the grants; the trials are receiving $48 million in support through Operation Warp Speed, a federal initiative.
Piervincenzo Rizzo, PhD, professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, is leading a project that will help glaucoma patients monitor their intraocular pressure (IOP) at home, giving them and their doctors a clearer picture of eye health. The project recently received $1,099,984 from the National Science Foundation.